Vurderinger og meninger om Willy Brandt
1. Samtidsvurderinger og meninger
“He is only 44, which is young for his post, and has the face of a kindly, thoughtful but determined boxer. He speaks well, with calm and sincere emphasis, and meets the Press with a directness and charm which disarm criticism. He photographs well, which is not the least of his assets in the television age, and has a very wide appeal among the all-important women voters. To most Berliners he seems to represent youthful vigour, courage and sincerity. He speaks almost perfect English.”
“Herr Brandt’s rapid rise as a German leader”, i: The Times (London), 9. desember 1958.
“Today when Willy Brandt passes, many a West German politician declares confidently: “There goes the future Chancellor of Germany.” If Willy can ever realize his dream of modernizing the Socialist Party’s policies, they may prove right.”
“Berlin. The Islanders”, i: Time Magazine (New York), 25 . mai 1959.
“He is a good European and a good man.”
“A good man”, i: The Times (London), 22. oktober 1969.
“He has always given the impression of somebody who talks sense, with dignity and compassion – not too common a combination among politicians to be taken for granted.”
„Herr Brandt in London“, i: The Times (London), 28. februar 1970.
The Daily Telegraph
“Viewed from this side of the Channel, there has never been a better German Chancellor than the one who visits us this week. (…) His anti-Nazi background, his doughty performance as West Berlin’s Mayor in critical years and his consistent dignity have won him wide respect.”
“Britain’s friend from West Germany”, i: The Daily Telegraph (London), 2. mars 1970.
“Brandt has mastered the sine qua non of the politician today – television. He comes across not as clever performer but as the good German speaking straight common sense to his fellow Germans.”
“Germany’s Economic Miracle Has a Political Counterpart”, i: Washington Post, 29. april 1970.
“Faut-il rappeler qu’il n’a pas hésité, pendant la guerre, à revêtir un uniforme étranger pour se battre contre ses compatriotes, abusés par le rêve hitlérian ? Ni, alors, qu’elle était devenue celle d’un pays vainqueur, à renoncer à la nationalité norvégienne – qu’il avait acquise au moment où la victoire paraissait sourire au nazisme – pour se mettre au service de ses frères de sang, alors promis au plus sévère destin ?”
“La Détente et L’Europe”, i: Le Monde (Paris), 17. september 1970.
“For Herr Brandt to take the initiative in making overtures to Poland showed both realism in foreign policy and a high degree of political courage at home, a bold resolution far greater than that showed by Adenauer in dealing with the Western Powers.”
“Brandt’s courage”, i: The Observer (London), 13. desember 1970.
“Willy Brandt is the first West German statesman willing to accept the complete consequences of defeat: the lost land, the admission of moral responsibility, the acknowledgment of Germany’s partition. In the process, he is also challenging the Communist countries to expand their dealing with the West, and indirectly, to allow wider freedom for their own people. (…) He has projected the most exciting and hopeful vision for Europe since the Iron Curtain crashed down.”
“Man of the Year: Willy Brandt. On the Road to a New Reality”, i: Time Magazine (New York), 4. januar 1971.
“For never in the past has there been in the saddle of Germany, and only very doubtfully will there be in the future, a man of greater decency and more devotion to democratic practice and peaceful ideals than Willy Brandt.”
“Germany Faces West”, i: Washington Post, 15. juni 1971.
“Brandt has led his country – and Western Europe with it – more than half way towards a more civilised arrangement of the Continent’s affairs. Even if negotiations get no farther than they have already, all Europe will have reason to be grateful to Willy Brandt. He received less support than he might well have expected from Britain and France, more than he might have expected from the United States and none at all that was helpful from his political opponents in Bonn. The leadership and the credit were his alone.”
“Two Europes together”, i: The Guardian (London), 18. september 1971.
The New York Times
“As Mayor, Foreign Minister and Chancellor, Willy Brandt has done more than any other German to dissipate the image of a West Germany headed for neo-Nazism and bent on revenge.”
“Nobel Peace Laureate”, i: The New York Times, 21. oktober 1971.
“In a world not at the moment conspicuous for statesmen of the first rank, or even for politicians of ability, he stands out as a man who has pursued laudable aims with vigour and intelligence. He is a good German, a good European, and, in so far as it is possible to define such an animal, a good citizen of the world.”
“The prize for Willy Brandt”, i: The Times (London), 21. oktober 1971.
“Dans un siècle, outre-Rhin, on se souviendra de ce chef de gouvernement que les crimes d’un autre chancelier, combattu sans faiblesse, ont mis à genoux. Il permettait de croire à nouveau `une Allemagne aussi vraie que celle des vociférations et des torches : le « pays des poètes et des penseurs », « l’amour lointain » qui faisait pleurer Heine en exil, la patrie élégiaque d’Hoelderlin.”
“Le mendiant de Varsovie”, i: Le Monde (Paris), 22. oktober 1971.
The New York Times
“Willy Brandt, who as Mayor of West Berlin in 1961 watched in frustration the building of the wall that cut the city in two, shows even more pleasure than other West German leaders at the events that have rendered it irrelevant.”
“Clamor in the East: The Ex-Mayor is elated; Brandt hails the German people for a display of ‘human unity‘”, i: The New York Times, 14. november 1989.
The New York Times
“But he did not speak as a partisan, and by shouting “Willy! Willy!” while local Social Democrats spoke, the majority of the tens of thousands who filled the market squares of both towns [in Plauen and Zwickau] made clear that they had not come to hear Social Democratic campaigners but to hear a recognized leader of all Germany. Mr. Brandt was elected honorary president of East German Social Democrats today.”
“Upheaval in the East; Brandt is hailed in East Germany”, i: The New York Times, 25. februar 1990.
2. Minneord og tilbakeblikk
“Willy Brandt døde natt til i går. Det gir oss grunn til å minnes ham også som nordmann. (…) Det må aldri bli glemt her i landet, nå da Willy Brandt er død, at han har en svær krigsinnsats for Norge bakom seg, konsentrert i årene som flyktning i Sverige. Det har dannet seg myter om hans enorme arbeidskraft, og ingen av dem er overdrivelser.”
“Tysker og nordmann”, i: Dagbladet (Oslo), 9. oktober 1992.
“Willy Brandt bar med seg Norge i hjertet som sitt annet fedreland. Han kom til Norge som flyktning fra nazi-Tyskland allerede i 1933. Da han ble fratatt sitt tyske statsborgerskap to år etterpå. Han beholdt det i åtte år. Helt til han døde både skrev og snakket han norsk lige godt som tysk.”
“Norgesvennen er død”, i: Dagbladet (Oslo), 9. oktober 1992.
The New York Times
“By the time of his death, the Social Democratic leader had lived to see East and West Germany united and the Iron Curtain torn down. His tenure as Federal Chancellor of West Germany from 1969 to 1974 was a turning point in the history of the German people, and he himself was a figure of conciliation in both the domestic and foreign policies of a divided nation. (…) He also came to symbolize a Germany of peace, tolerance and a measure of modesty – qualities that had been erased from the image of Germans during the catastrophic rule of Hitler. (…) His major achievements began in 1970. Supported by only the thinnest of parliamentary majorities, he guided West Germany through arduous negotiations that eventually led to normal relations with the Soviet Union, Poland and East Germany and the easing of tensions in Central Europe. (…) From the beginning of World War II, Mr. Brandt had been animated by the belief that Germany’s only real future lay in a united Europe, and this thread formed the fabric of Ostpolitik. Mr. Brandt had signalled the change when he took office in October 1969, declaring, “I will not be the Chancellor of a conquered Germany, but of a liberated Germany!” Behind the declaration there was also Mr. Brandt’s determination to end two decades of hostility between West and East Germany. This was the national component of his Ostpolitik. (…) Mr. Brandt had overcome enormous adversities throughout his life: His birth was illegitimate and he was a political exile in Norway in the Nazi era, until his return to Germany in 1948. (…) In Warsaw he knelt at a memorial to the Jewish victims of Nazi barbarity in a gesture of atonement noted around the world. (…) After the Berlin wall fell in November 1989, Mr. Brandt was welcomed by huge crowds of East Germans who saw in him a West German leader who had never stopped caring for their destiny during all their years of bondage.”
“Willy Brandt dead at 78; forged West Germany’s reconciliation with the East”, i: The New York Times, 9. oktober 1992.
The New York Times
“As if acknowledging the weight of a terrible past, Mr. Brandt fell wordlessly to his knees before a memorial to Jewish victims of Nazi savagery. The great Social Democrat never stood taller. (…) A generous and passionate man, Willy Brandt helped build a new republic and gave a postwar generation cause for pride in being German. It is a considerable memorial.”
“Topics of the times; the passionate statesman”, i: The New York Times, 11. oktober 1992.
“Därtill hadde Willy Brandt med hela sin politiska gärning, framför allt under det sena 60-talet och under 70-talet, bidragt mer än de flesta enskilda politiker i Tyskland och i Europa. Och det som efter den dramatiska hösten 1989 börjat växa sammen är inte bara det Willy Brandt direkt syftade pä, hans eget delade land, utan hela det delade Europa. På ett annat plan inleddes denna process långt före 1990 – och Willy Brandt spelade en nyckelroll i vart och ett av dess stora skeden. Bro på bro var han med om att slå över den klyfta som löpte genom Europa.”
“En av avspänningens främsta arkitekter”, i: Dagens Nyheter (Stockholm), 9. oktober 1992.
“Willy Brandt var en av 1900-talets stora statsmän, en historisk person redan i sin livstid som aldrig forsökte dölja sina mänskliga svagheter. Han fick ett växlingsrikt liv, och det är hans förtjäns att orden Tyskland och fred numera kan nämnas i samma sammanhang.”
“Murens fall en triumf för Willy Brandt”, i: Dagens Nyheter (Stockholm), 9. oktober 1992.
“L’histoire de Willy Brandt, c’est celle d’un destin hors du commun, d’un homme parti de rien et devenu, malgré le handicap d’être Allemand après la guerre, une des principales autorités morales de sa génération. D’un patriote, mais qui a toujours gardé une distance pour juger son propre peuple, ce qui explique peut-être certaines haines qui le poursuivent encore.”
“Willy Brandt, la conscience de l’Allemagne”, i: Le Monde (Paris), 10. oktober 1992.